The Different Types of Data Safety

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There are a number of different kinds of data security However, the most important ones are:

Authentication — The process of confirming that the users accessing your information are who they say they are. This may include using passwords, multifactor authentication and other identity verification tools.

Encryption – The process of converting information into a format that is unreadable, which means only those who have the appropriate keys are able to view it. This safeguards sensitive data at rest and in transit including databases, files and email communications.

Monitoring – A practice that stops malicious actors from having access to data or moving it out of your organization’s networks by blocking or preventing access at the gateway. This could include data loss prevention (DLP) technology and encryption, as well as training employees on best practices.

Backups — The capability of rapidly and securely restoring data in the event that there is a system failure, disaster, cyberattack, or data breach happens. This is accomplished by creating copies of the data in a different format, or by keeping it in the cloud.

Data minimization is the process of only storing information that is necessary to your business. This reduces your vulnerability by decreasing the number of possible targets for hackers. It also helps save storage costs and reduces the amount of bloat that could lead to compliance issues.